1. خانه
  2. آموزش گرامر زبان انگلیسی
  3. اسم ها در زبان انگلیسی
  4. اسم مصدر ( gerund ) = فعل+ ing در زبان انگلیسی

اسم مصدر ( gerund ) = فعل+ ing در زبان انگلیسی

gerund: اسم مصدر : فعل + ing

فعل+ ing بعنوان  gerund ( اسم مصدر)

Gerund ( اسم مصدر ) شکل اسمی فعل است که از فعل + ing ساخته میشود و مثل اسم عمل کند.

Example: It seems none of them likes my singing. (singing =gerund.)

 Gerund معمولا بعد از یک فعل می آید و حرف اضافه بین gerund و فعل قرار نمیگیرد.

Examples:

  • They discussed getting married. (Not: They discussed to getting married.)
  • I like walking in the rain.
  • The dog stopped barking when I gave it a bone.
  • He has just finished quarrelling with his wife.
  • The prince has consistently denied murdering his wife.

 عبارت اسم مصدری (gerund phrase )

وقتی  gerund  قسمتی از یک عبارت را تشکیل میدهد عبارت  gerund  ( عبارت اسم مصدر) ساخته میشود. این عبارت ممکن است modifier ( معرف) و مکمل هم داشته باشد.

Examples:

  • Weekend coastal sailing has always been his passion.
    (The gerund phrase هستweekend coastal sailing.)
  • The big fat fellow with a bushy beard enjoys doing magic at children’s parties.
    (The gerund phrase هستdoing magic at children’s parties.)

عبارت gerund بعنوان نهاد جمله:

Examples:

  • Washing his car is something he hates most. 
  • Watching television to him is not a waste of time.
  • Attending church is not something the family does often. 
  • Smoking gives him enormous pleasure. 
  • Working in a foreign country can be very exciting.
  • Learning a foreign language can be a real challenge.
  • Skipping to her is a better alternative to jogging.

 Gerund ( اسم مصدر ) بعنوان مفعول جمله

Examples:

  • She prefers any of the household chores to mopping..
  • Both husband and wife like cooking.
  • Her everyday exercise includes deep breathing.

 Gerund بعد از حرف اضافه

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Gerund بعد از حرف اضافه

Examples:

  • He is addicted to playing online games.
  • His parents were well accustomed to working hard..
  • She is very excited about meeting him for the first time.
  • Jane is very pleased with getting the desired exam results.
  • Many remember them for winning the first gold medal for the country..
  • We apologized for arriving late.
  • John has become interested in catching scorpions for fun.
  • Jack looks forward to running his own loan shark business.
حتما بخون  اسم به عنوان توصیف کننده در زبان انگلیسی

 Gerund بعد از حرف ربط

Examples:

  • Mr Black usually says a prayer for world peace before going to bed.
  • Mrs White still looks quite scared after watching two crocodiles fight in her dream last night.
  • I have learned to be careful since knocking my head against a tree branch,

 Gerund ( اسم مصدر ) بعد از صفت می آید:

Examples:

  • The new stadium has got poor lighting.
  • He received a severe scolding from his parents for unknown reasons.
  • The cold-blooded killing was carried by plunging a knife deep into the victim’s heart.

 Gerund ممکن است اسمی را توصیف و معرفی کند:

Examples:

  • The sitting room is where the mess is. 
  • It is so much fun to be lying at the swimming pool.
  • Someone took all my gardening tools from my garden.
  • One of the folding legs of the ironing board is broken.
  • Although he is 100 years old, he moves about without the aid of a walking stick.
  • He had a frightening dream about a fire-breathing dragon chasing him.

 Gerund (اسم مصدر ) میتواند اسم قابل شمارش جمع باشد:

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 Gerund میتواند اسم قابل شمارش جمع باشد:

Examples:

  • Airport authority has issued several warnings about pickpocket.
  • Last month, the local vicar conducted ten weddings.
  • The boy showed me his three drawings of ugly witches riding African elephants.

 Be used to , get used to  با  gerund استفاده میشوند.

Examples:

  • was used to watching vultures perched on top of rocky cliffs.
  • Sarah is used to donating her blood at the medical centre.
  • After his wife died, he had to get used to looking after the kids on his own.
حتما بخون  جمله واره اسمی در زبان انگلیسی (Noun Clause )

 Gerund منفی:

برای منفی کردن  gerund  کلمه ی  not  را به ان اضافه میکنیم.

Examples:

  • He says not learning is the best thing in his life..
  • By not singing loudly in the shower, he made the other housemates very happy.
  • His bad habit is not answering the phone when it rings. 
  • Not marrying him sometimes crossed her mind.

 فعل عبارتی + gerund

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فعل عبارتی + gerund

فعل عبارتی شامل فعل و حرف اضافه است که باهم معنی منحصر بفرد خود را دارند. مثلا: cut down = to reduce the amount of something

در جملات زیر فعل های عبارتی و gerundها پررنگ نوشته شده اند.

Examples:

  • Julia carried on talking even though no one was listening. (Phrasal verb: carried on)
  • Jack keeps on scratching his head and we wonder why.
  • Jan gave up driving after her car was hit by a truck.
  • He does not know when he will get around to doing the living room.
  • We stayed up late watching the horror movie last night.

 Gerund در حالات دیگر:

Examples:

  • It is no use crying over spilt milk.
  • This new gadget is for opening canned food more quickly.
  • We usually go fishing where there are big fish.
  • Using an old iron to do ironing makes it slow.
  • It’s too late now to regret being so rude to her.
  • If only you had stopped talking and listened to your mother.
  • If not for my tired legs, we could have gone on dancing the whole night..
  • She prefers having dinner with her pet dogs.
  • She thinks my hair needs shampooing, not knowing that I shampoo every day.
حتما بخون  اسم ها در زبان انگلیسی (Nouns )
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